Pediatric Cardiology

Pediatric Cardiology

The paediatric cardiac program at the Lifeline Hospital seeks to provide comprehensive and state-of-the-art services for children with heart ailments at affordable costs. The program will also cater to adults with congenital heart defects. All facets of paediatric heart care will be provided here.

A paediatric cardiologist is a paediatrician who has received extensive training in diagnosing and treating children's cardiac problems. Evaluation and treatment may begin with the foetus since heart problems can now be detected before birth.

While most children are able to play sports without any cardiac evaluation, a child who complains of palpitations, chest pain, recurrent dizziness or fainting, or has a family history of arrhythmias, sudden cardiac death or congenital heart disease should have a cardiac evaluation. This can also be discussed with the child’s paediatrician.


Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
Abnormal Heart Rhythms Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS)
Achalasia Overview Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH)
Aorta Disease & Marfan Syndrome Long QT Syndrome (LQTS)
Aortic Aneurysms Lower Extremity Ulcers
Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia Lung Cancer
Arteriovenous Malformations Lymphedema
Atherosclerosis (vascular) Marfan Syndrome
Atrial Fibrillation May-Thurner Syndrome (MTS)
Atrial Septal Defect Mediastinal Tumor
Barrett's Esophagus Metabolic Syndrome
Blood Clots Mitral Valve Prolapse
Cardiac Tumors Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Cardiomyopathy Patent Foramen Ovale
Carotid Artery Disease Pectus Excavatum
Carotid Body Tumor Pericardial Effusion
Cerebrovascular Occlusive Disease Pericarditis
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD Peripheral Artery Disease
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI Phlebitis
Congenital Heart Disease Pleural Effusion
Congenital Valve Disease Pulmonary Artery Stenosis
Coronary Artery Disease Pulmonary Embolism
Deep Vein Thrombosis Pulmonary Hypertension
Dilated Cardiomyopathy Raynaud's Phenomenon>
Diverticular Disease Renal Artery Disease
Ejection Fraction Restrictive Cardiomyopath
Esophageal Cancer Septal Myectomy
Extracranial Carotid Artery Aneurysms Stroke
Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD) Sudden Cardiac Death (Sudden Cardiac Arrest)
Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD) Syncope
Heart Attack Takayasu's Arteritis
Heart Disease & Pregnancy Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
Heart Failure Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Heart Murmur Tricuspid Valve Disease
Heart Palpitations Varicose Veins
Heart Valve Disease Vascular Disease
Hiatal Hernia Venous Disorders
Hyperhidrosis Venous Insufficiency
Hypertension - High Blood Pressure Ventricular Septal Defects
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Visceral Artery Aneurysms
Infective Endocarditis Visceral Ischemic Syndrome
Intestinal Ischemic Syndrome Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (WPW)

A paediatric cardiologist is a paediatrician who has received extensive training in diagnosing and treating children's cardiac problems. Evaluation and treatment may begin with the foetus since heart problems can now be detected before birth.

What are the common symptoms of heart defects in children?

The possible pointers to heart disease in infants (less than one year age) include:

  • Difficulty with feeding
  • Excessive sweating
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Blueness of lips, fingers and toes
  • Poor growth
  • Frequent episodes of chest infection

Sometimes heart disease may be first identified during a routine check-up by your paediatrician.

What is require for care of children with heart diseases?

Care of children with heart disease requires a highly coordinated effort from a team of specially trained personnel. Paediatric cardiologists, paediatric cardiac surgeons, intensive care physicians and intensive care nurses constitute this team. In addition, a variety of sophisticated and very expensive equipment are employed for complete care. My child plays sports.

Will they need a cardiac evaluation?

While most children are able to play sports without any cardiac evaluation, a child who complains of palpitations, chest pain, recurrent dizziness or fainting, or has a family history of arrhythmias, sudden cardiac death or congenital heart disease should have a cardiac evaluation. This can also be discussed with the child’s paediatrician.

What test will my child have to undergo?

Your child will have a complete physical examination including height, weight and blood pressure readings, an electrocardiogram (recording of the heart rhythm) and if indicated, an echocardiogram (sonogram of the heart), and a consultation with the paediatric cardiologist. Additional testing may include a 24 hour recording of the heart rhythm, recording the heart rhythm during symptoms and an exercise stress test (monitoring of the heart rate and rhythm during exercise on a treadmill).

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