The Department of Histopathology :
Histopathology section of the laboratory provides services for routine and specialized processing of all surgical and cytological (both gynaecological and non-gynaecological) specimens.The Cryostat which prepares a “frozen section”, is available for intra-operative rapid diagnosis. This facility is also used for identification of enzymes and fat in tissues, after appropriate histochemical staining.Fluorescence microscopy is offered for specialized studies on kidney and skin biopsies, as well as identification of Her-2/neu and EGFR by FISH technique.
Immunohistochemical techniques are performed on Benchmark XT, slide prep system, using formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissues, resulting in identification of a wide range of intracellular antigens, analysis of hormone receptors, oncogenes, and assessment of predictive and prognostic markers of tumors.
All body fluids (including CSF of low volume and cellularity) are processed in a Cytospin, which prepares concentrated smears of good quality, facilitating in accurate diagnosis on microscopy. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is performed in the laboratory on superficial, palpable swellings and reported promptly, on a daily basis. Image-guided cytological aspirates of deep-seated lesions as well as Pap smears are also processed.
The Histopro Microwave processor is available for urgent processing of biopsies, improving the turn- around time and avoiding delay in treatment.
Telepathology services and Molecular pathology techniques on solid tumours will be introduced in the near future.