The Sections of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology address speech, language and hearing disorders in a patient population ranging from neonatal to geriatric. Residents rotate through the sections observing all facets of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology in an integrated, allied health/medical team approach. Residents are exposed to state-of-the-art instrumental techniques, including acoustic and aerodynamic assessment of the vocal tract, videostroboscopy, basic audiometry, tympanometry, otoacoustic emissions, evoked potentials, cochlear implant surgery, real ear measurements, hearing aids and assistive listening devices. Research in communicative disorders is welcome.
Head and Neck Surgery Specialists in the Section of Head and Neck Surgery evaluate and treat a large volume of patients with a variety of head and neck malignancies. All patients are seen jointly by the surgeons, radiation therapists and oncologists. Weekly Tumor Board ensures communication among team members. Research protocols are in constant use and development. Residents are part of the decision-making team and are actively involved in all facets of patient care.
The Section of Laryngotracheal Reconstruction is dedicated to the management of laryngeal airway obstruction, upper and lower respiratory foreign bodies, esophageal reflux, tracheal aspiration, and voice preservation and rehabilitation. The section has achieved international status in pioneering new techniques for managing tracheal and laryngeal stenosis, and long-term/permanent tracheostomy. Ongoing research should provide better control of intractable aspiration and more effective rehabilitation of laryngeal dysfunction.
The section sponsors a yearly resident endoscopy course for rigid and fiber optic removal of foreign bodies of the airway, tracheostomy and cricothyroidotomy.
Nasal and Sinus Disorders
Nasal and sinus disease is very common in Northeast India, creating a large patient volume for this section. Patients are evaluated by appropriate clinical and radiographic workup, including endoscopy, CT scanning and allergy assessment, then offered medical and/or surgical therapy. Residents learn functional endoscopic sinus surgery as well as other, more traditional techniques in managing these patients.
The section also is committed to managing snoring and sleeping disorders associated with obstruction of the upper airway. Treatment options include out-patient laser-assisted surgery.
The Section of Otology-Neurotology provides comprehensive care of all forms of otologic disorders, including middle and posterior cranial fossa surgery for cerebellopontine and skull base tumors. Nearly 500 surgical cases per year provide the in-depth experience that enables resident graduates to treat otologic disorders with confidence. Research interests in the section include molecular biology of deafness (immune-mediated inner ear disease), Meniere’s disease and cochlear implant surgery in adults and children. Staff otologists assist residents in clinical and basic science research in auditory, vestibular and temporal bone disorders.
The section offers total medical and surgical management of pediatric otolaryngologic disorders, from infancy through adolescence, with more than 400 surgical procedures each year.
Designated outpatient clinics, including a Cleft Palate Clinic, provide comprehensive pre- and postoperative care.
Lifeline hospital includes a Children’s Hospital, a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, and numerous pediatric tertiary care specialists to help manage the most complex otolaryngologic problems of infancy and childhood.
Vestibular and Balance Disorders
The Section of Vestibular and Balance Disorders provides laboratory diagnosis, medical neurotology and vestibular rehabilitation of patients with dizziness, disequilibrium and imbalance. An outpatient clinic manages self-referred patients and those referred from Otolaryngology, Neurology, Internal Medicine and other departments. Residents rotate through the Section of Vestibular and Balance Disorders to learn about test administration and interpretation.
The section has state-of-the-art, computer-based electronystagmography and rotational chair and posturography, with the world’s largest database of laboratory test results. Lifeline hospital's comprehensive laboratory, the section offers regional referral laboratory services for physicians outside Lifeline hospital.
Clinical and basic science research is ongoing, particularly in the areas of vestibular evoked potentials, outcome of home-based vestibular rehabilitation, and genetics of motion sickness.
This is a medical speciality dealing with diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat. Diseases pertaining to ear, nose and throat are very common and often under-treated due to a lack of awareness of the new developments in this specialty. This field has evolved by leaps and bounds in the last two decades. With the advent of better understanding and new technologies, now the patients have a cure for the otherwise thought of untreatable diseases like sinus diseases, nerve deafness ( by birth or acquired later in life) etc.
The skilled and dedicated specialists of the ENT department at Lifeline Hospital work in collaboration with neurosurgeons, pulmonologists (chest physicians), oncosurgeons, and cosmetic and reconstructive surgeons to provide comprehensive care to the patients. They are updated with the latest techniques and advances in the various subspecialties of ENT like ‘Phonosurgery’, ‘Rhinology’, ‘Skull base surgery’, ‘Airway surgery’ etc.
- Ear discharge
- Ear Ache
- Giddiness (vertigo)
- Deafness – both from birth and acquired later
- Cochlear Implant
- Bone Anchored Hearing Aids (BAHA) for unilateral deafness and chronically discharging ear not fit for hearing aids.
- Ear deformities – Microtia / Bat ears etc.
- Facial paralysis secondary to ear diseases – trauma / chronic discharge etc.
- Tumors etc.
- Nose blockage
- Rhinoplasty for Nose deformities – Saddle nose / Nasal Hump /
- Projecting Septum / Broad nose etc.
- Nose fractures
- Recurrent Cold / Sinus
- Nasal polyps / Tumors etc.
- Allergic cold : Sneezing, itchy nose
- Stuffiness and Post Nasal Drip of phlegm etc.
- Head injuries causing csf discharge through nose, Optic nerve injury.
Throat and Neck :
- Adnoids causing Mouth breathing / Snoring
- Snoring / Sleep Apnea
- VOICE disorders – Hoarseness/ Unclear voice/ Voice breaks / male having feminine voice etc.
- Vocal Cord paralysis
- Swallowing disorders
- Decreased mouth opening due to Sub Mucus Fibrosis etc.
- Laryngotracheal injuries
- Salivary gland tumors
- Thyroid surgeries
The onset of signs and symptoms of ear infection is usually rapid.
In Children :
- Ear pain, especially when lying down
- Tugging or pulling at an ear
- Difficulty sleeping
- Crying more than usual
- Acting more irritable than usual
- Difficulty hearing or responding to sounds
- Loss of balance
- Fever of 100 F (38 C) or higher
- Drainage of fluid from the ear
- Loss of appetite
In Adults :
- Ear pain
- Drainage of fluid from the ear
- Diminished hearing
- Sore throat
Acute sinusitis (acute rhinosinusitis) causes the cavities around your nasal passages (sinuses) to become inflamed and swollen. This interferes with drainage and causes mucus to build up.
With acute sinusitis, it may be difficult to breathe through your nose. The area around your eyes and face may feel swollen, and you may have throbbing facial pain or a headache.
- Drainage of a thick, yellow or greenish discharge from the nose or down the back of the throat
- Nasal obstruction or congestion, causing difficulty breathing through your nose
- Pain, tenderness, swelling and pressure around your eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead
- Aching in your upper jaw and teeth
- Reduced sense of smell and taste
- Cough, which may be worse at night
Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat — one tonsil on each side. Signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include swollen tonsils, sore throat, difficulty swallowing and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the neck.
Most cases of tonsillitis are caused by infection with a common virus, but bacterial infections also may cause tonsillitis.